New sensor for measuring sugar levels in cherries
Agriculture Victoria recently tested a new portable handheld infrared meter (HIKARi 16) that non-destructively measures sugar levels in fresh cherries. Comparisons were made with a refractometer that requires destruction of the fruit to obtain a juice sample. Laboratory results showed that the infrared HIKARi 16 was reasonably accurate and has the potential to replace a refractometer.
Sugar levels in cherries are traditionally measured as soluble solids concentration (SSC) using a refractometer and expressed as °Brix (where 1 °Brix = 1 g sucrose per 100 g juice). Modern refractometers are digital, but they still require a juice sample to measure the SSC. The infrared HIKARi 16 was designed to provide several practical advantages over the refractometer.
Measurements are rapid, fruit remains intact, avoiding messy juice sampling, and the activation button is easy to access when taking measurement of cherries attached to the tree and in the packhouse. The HIKARi 16 works best when the fruit and instrument are both at ambient temperatures, the surface of the fruit is dry, clean, and free from blemishes or bruises.
To test the infrared HIKARi 16, six batches of fresh cherries were sourced from a local retail supermarket and directly from growers in Victoria. Three SSC measurements were taken on opposite cheeks on 20 to 25 cherries per batch, firstly with the non-destructive infrared meter (image below) and then on juice samples with a refractometer and the average SSC calculated.
In general, both instruments successfully measured SSC in fresh cherries with values ranging between 11 and 28 °Brix. Differences in average SSC between the two meters for each batch of fruit was inconsistent. For example, in batch 2 the average SSC measured by the infrared HIKARi 16 was 0.8 °Brix less than the refractometer whereas in batch 6 the average SSC measured by the infrared HIKARi 16 was 2.2 °Brix higher than the refractometer.
To account for these differences, the infrared HIKARi 16 includes an ‘offset’ function to adjust values that are under or over the values obtained with a refractometer.
Another interesting feature is the data transmission function which allows up to 100 SSC measurements to be electronically downloaded to a smart phone by Near Field Communication (NFC).
Data can be accessed by hovering any Android or Apple phone (with the appropriate NFC app installed) closely above the meter and exporting the data to Microsoft Excel. This technology speeds up data capture because individual measurements do not have to be manually recorded; however, sample batches need to be carefully recorded to avoid any confusion or misinterpretation of the data.
Field and laboratory testing on cherry cultivars will be undertaken next season to determine if similar results are achievable, especially on fruit still attached to the tree, and to understand if cultivar, maturity, or skin colour has any influence on the infrared technology.
Agriculture Victoria would like to thank Agriculture Policy’s – Export Development Investment Strategy (EDIS) group for funding this research project.
For more information, please visit the Horticulture Industry Network website on http://www.hin.com.au/current-initiatives/cherry-cool-chain-research or contact: Glenn Hale firstname.lastname@example.orgBack to news